Patients are sent for a cardiac examination by a general practitioner, internist, neurologist or other specialist. A cardiologist provides specialized cardiac care, which focuses on the examination, treatment and monitoring of patients with cardiovascular diseases, as well as on the examination and treatment of cardiovascular disease risk factors. In the care of patients with chronic forms of heart and vascular diseases it is very important to cooperate with a general practitioner and internist.
A cardiologist investigates, cures and recommends further examination and treatment methods (such as catheterization of coronary arteries or recommendation for surgery of valvular disease of the heart).
Patients with unstable, severe or complicated forms of cardiovascular disease remain permanently under the cardiologist supervision.
Diseases examined and treated by a cardiologist
- Coronary heart disease
- Valvular disease of the heart
- Rhythm disorders
- Shortness of breath due to cardiac insufficiency
- Examination of collapse states
- Risk factors (e.g. increased cholesterol, arterial disease in other areas)
Examinations that the patient can undergo in the cardiologic outpatient department
- Clinical examination
- Cardiac examination
- Dynamic stress echocardiography
- pharmacological stress echocardiography
- Transoesophageal echocardiography
- Contrast Echocardiography
- Stress ECG tests on a bicycle ergometer
- 24-hour blood pressure monitoring (blood pressure Holter)
- 24-hour ECG monitoring (ECG Holter)
- Test on an inclined plane (HUTT)
- Laboratory tests
- Ultrasound examination of arteries in other areas